Glossary of WordPress and Web Terms

This is a list of commonly used terminology used when speaking about WordPress and Web sites.   This post will be updated often to add definitions that come up during any of the classes.

WordPress is a state-of-the-art publishing platform with a focus on aesthetics, web standards, and usability. WordPress is both free and priceless at the same time.

URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator, which means it is a uniform (same throughout the world) way to locate a resource (file or document) on the Internet. The URL specifies the address of a file and every file on the Internet has a unique address. Web software, such as your browser, use the URL to retrieve a file from the computer on which it resides.

Open Source is a development method for software that harnesses the power of distributed peer review and transparency of process. The promise of open source is better quality, higher reliability, more flexibility, lower cost, and an end to predatory vendor lock-in.

Content management, (CM) is the set of processes and technologies that support the collection, managing, and publishing of information in any form or medium.

A Content Management System (CMS) is a collection of procedures used to manage work flow in a collaborative environment.

A Web Content Management (WCM) system is a CMS designed to simplify the publication of Web content to Web sites, in particular, allowing content creators to submit content without requiring technical knowledge of HTML or the uploading of files.

RSS (Rich Site Summary/ Really Simple Syndication) is a format for delivering regularly changing web content. Many news-related sites, weblogs and other online publishers syndicate their content as an RSS Feed to whoever wants it.

Feed Reader or News Aggregator software allow you to grab the RSS feeds from various sites and display them for you to read and use. http://www.google.com/reader/

The GPL is the GNU general public license. It is one of the most commonly-used open-source software licenses. The distinctive feature of the GPL license is that it requires that any code derived from GPL code also uses a GPL license. It also requires that any code that is statically or dynamically linked to GPL code has a GPL-compatible license. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_General_Public_License and http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-faq.html

Self hosted sites
This is where you as the “website creator” is responsible for all the installation, from the databases, to the wordpress server software to all the add-ons. You also must maintain all the software upgrades to the core software and all additional software. You would also be responsible for managing backing up all of your information.

Managed wordpress sites
This is a WordPress Installation and Configuration performed by the web hosting service. The web hosting company would also maintain all the software and backups. Different companies have different levels of service in this area so you would want to do some research.

A pingback is a type of comment that created when you link to another blog post. You do have to turn on this feature. To create a pingback, just link to another WordPress blog post that has the option turned on.

Copyright is a system to promote the creation of and access to artistic, literary, musical, dramatic and other creative productions. In principle, the creator, i.e., the author, maker or artist, etc., has the exclusive right to authorize or to prevent copying. In practice, the power to control copying more frequently devolves on publishers and distributors to whom the creators have assigned their rights. Canadian Copyright Law

Creative Commons licenses fall into different license categories according to the following conditions:

1. Attribution: You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your copyrighted work — and derivative works based upon it — but only if they give you credit.
2. Noncommercial: You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform your work — and derivative works based upon it — but for noncommercial purposes only.
3. No Derivative works: You let others copy, distribute, display, and perform only verbatim copies of your work, not derivative works based upon it.
4. Share alike: You allow others to distribute derivative works only under a license identical to the license that governs your work.
Read More about Creative Commons in Canada and United States.

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